(CNN Español) – In the elections held in Colombia on March 13, the Colombian people voted for the new Congress and participated in three important internal coalition consultations that would pave the way for the presidential election in May this year.
With nearly 99.41% of the vote counted, the Colombian Registrar’s Office announced the results of the election this Sunday, beginning the countdown to the presidential election, which is expected to mark a new trend in the country’s politics.
So the results show.
These were the winners and losers of the day.
Left-wing candidate Gustavo Pedro was one of the best winners of the day. He received more than 4.4 million votes on the advice of his party, and the Left is the only candidate from other sectors who will run separately and in coalition in an effort to prevent him from running for president.
In addition to the important votes that Pedro received, his party made great gains in the historic treaty, the Senate and the Chamber, and was established as one of the largest forces in Congress.
At the end of the day, in his speech in the presence of his followers, Pedro remained calm and smiling, promising that he would be “on the verge of winning the presidency in the first round.”
Francia Marquez surprised Mina by garnering more than 783,000 votes in an internal consultation with the Left. The black leader received the second highest number of votes in the field, surpassing the candidate who won in the central consultation, Sergio Fazardo.
It is now being touted as a force to be reckoned with when candidate Gustavo Pedro chooses his vice presidential formula.
The historic Coalition Alliance – the Left – not only won the most-voted internal consultation of the day, but also won a large number of seats in the Senate and House of Representatives.
The historic treaty won 16 of the 102 possible seats in the Senate, the same number as the traditional Conservative Party and the Liberal Party, one of the country’s traditional parties, winning 15. In the House of Representatives, the historic agreement won 25 seats – the second largest after the Liberal Party, at 32 – which surprised Pedro, who promised that the coalition would “achieve the best end of progressivism in Colombian history.”
Federico ‘Fico’ Gutierrez
Federico Gutiérrez of the We Believe Colombia movement was another big winner of the night, winning 2.1 million votes in the right – wing election, making him the presidential candidate to face Pedro and other presidential candidates from here in May. 29.
Guttierez, the former mayor of Medellin, won a landslide victory over other candidates, such as Alex Charr and Conservative David Berkeley, and is considered Euripismo’s unofficial candidate.
Victims of armed conflict
The 16 new Congressmen occupy special seats for the victims of the armed conflict in these elections, thus fulfilling what was agreed upon in the 2016 Havana Peace Accord.
Members of Congress for the Special Interim Circulars (Citrep) for Peace include victims of violence, peasant, community, women’s organizations, significant groups of citizens, community councils, reservations, and Native officials in 167 municipalities most affected by violence in 16 sectors.
Jonathan Fernie Pulito is the highest-ranking Green Party senator
Jonathan Fernie Pulito recently came to politics on YouTube, where he campaigned only on social networks without ads in the traditional media. With over 189,000 votes, Pulido was the most-voted senator of the alternative parties and the third-most-elected senator after Miguel Uribe and María Fernanda Cabal of the Democratic Center, who have been in politics for many years.
Centro Esperanza’s consultation was one of the big surprises of the night, as candidates such as Sergio Fazardo, Alejandro Gaviria and Juan Manuel Callan failed to meet the expected crowd. Of the three, this was the lowest-voted query, with about 2.1 million votes.
Sergio Fazardo — third-place presidential candidate in 2018 – received 723,000 votes, 60,000 less than Francia Marquez, who won the consultation.
The ruling party — whose leader is former President Alvaro Eurip and President Evan Duke — lost five seats in the Senate compared to 2018. This year it won 14 seats in the Senate (Got 19 in 2018) In the House of Representatives, which won 32 seats in the 2018 election, went to 16 seats in this election.
Voting for the party also fell sharply, from 2.5 million votes in the Senate in 2018 to 1.9 million in 2022. And in the House of Representatives it went from 2.3 million in 2018 to 1.6 million this year.
The Communs Party of former members of the FARC
The Communist Party, formed by former FARC fighters who ratified the Havana Peace Accord in 2016, is one of the lowest-voting parties with 31,000 votes, representing 0.19% of the vote.
Although they occupied 10 seats in the Senate and 5 in the Chamber after the peace treaty, the force was unable to expand its presence in the Senate.
Parties like New Liberals, founded by the sons of Liberal Cadillo Luis Carlos Colon Sarmiendo, assassinated by the drug mafia in 1989, did not receive the minimum number of votes needed to reach Congress and did not reach their party threshold. They received only 329,000 votes.
Minority parties such as Fuerza Ciudadana and the feminist party ‘We are Ready Colombia’ have not reached the minimum.