(CNN Español) – In a statement later this Monday, Peruvian President Pedro Castillo declared a state of emergency in Lima and Callo, blocking the movement of people in these provinces from 2am to 11:59am on the same day.
The state of emergency has been triggered by protests by carriers in several parts of the country over rising fuel prices that began on March 28 and at least three people have died so far.
This is what emergency law means.
Movement has slowed in that part of Peru
“Ministers have declared a state of emergency in Lima and the provinces of Lilau and Calao, suspending constitutional rights relating to freedom and personal security, violation of the home and freedom of assembly and movement, in order to restore peace and order. President Pedro Castillo said This Monday at midnight.
According to the Emergency Law, people living in Lima and the province of Callo will not be able to move freely as long as the operation lasts.
Remote work order
Workers in the public and private sectors should not go to work directly, but will work long distances “according to the rules of the matter”; Says presidential decree.
There will be no focus on vaccination points
Ministry of Health of Peru Reported this Tuesday Vaccination centers against Kovit-19 in metropolitan Lima and Callo will be closed due to a presidential decree. However, it was clarified that vaccination will continue in other parts of the country.
There will be no face-to-face classes
Ministry of Education on Monday afternoon The report was released He announced on his Twitter account and this Monday and Tuesday that face-to-face school classes would be suspended “as a result of the blockade of different access roads and acts of violence in different parts of the capital”.
Who can move
According to Presidential Order“Strictly required personnel are excluded” such as “Continuation of health services, medicines, water, sanitation, electricity, gas, fuel services, telecommunications and related activities, cleaning and collection”, solid waste during funerals, funerals, freight and freight transport and so on. Related Activities “.
Pharmacy and pharmacy employees who normally work during the day are also exempt from this measure. Similarly, journalists who identify themselves with their press pass and identity can mobilize on this day.
Also those in need of emergency or emergency medical assistance for health reasons can go to the health centers that normally operate this Tuesday in their vehicle or veterinarian.
People can store goods from the basic basket because, according to Minister of Justice and Human Rights Felix Zero, For RPP messages“Markets and Distribution Centers Operate”.
Reactions to the curfew order in Peru
Ombudsman of Peru Asked “immediately” to raise the level Curfew order for considered “unconstitutional” and “disproportionate”.
The ombudsman’s office said in a statement that “the action taken by the executive branch was unconstitutional due to lack of proper motivation and complete inequality in relation to the anti-social acts registered in Lima and Callo.”
“The immovable order does not take into account the severe impacts on the country’s workers, most of whom work informally, which is why their right to work is affected just like any other right, such as food, health, education,” the critic added.
For his part, Lima’s Mayor George Munoz, Rejected Castillo’s action And as he said, the curfew order leaves 11 million people in Lima and Callo nomadic, and it will not allow them to “bring food to their homes”.
“Pedro Castillo’s incompetence and mismanagement are immoral because they threaten the well – being of the people,” Munoz called for the president’s resignation.
Peruvian Congress leader Marigerman Alva said Tuesday morning that the move was “serious” because it could make it impossible for people to take food home. “People want to eat,” he wrote.
Alva expressed concern from the outset that the state of emergency could hamper the functioning of Congress due to the non-mobilization order. “Legislative power will continue today, Tuesday, April 5, with its planned agenda,” he wrote.
This Tuesday, Alva said the move could not stop the company from operating. “There are different views on constitutional issues, some constitutionalists say it is unconstitutional, others do not, which is already an issue for constitutional lawyers. Yes, what the President cannot do under Article 117 of the Constitution is to obstruct the functioning of Congress and we are talking about what our mission means.
However, it is reported that there is a state of normalcy in Congress, and this Monday, before the move was announced, Congressman Castillo was summoned at 3pm local time to appear before the corporation to resolve the crisis.
#TuCongresoInforma I The President of the Congress informs the President of the Agreement #PlenoDelCongreso To attend Parliament with Foreign Ministers from 3:00 pm on Tuesday, April 5th. pic.twitter.com/zGx5WqWyQT
– Peru Congress (ongcongresoperu) April 5, 2022
Castillo, who became president in July 2021 and a former schoolteacher who survived two indictments, has backed his government’s move to combat rising fuel prices.
“Social immobility in response to trucker strikes is a widespread and unequal control over the rights of assembly and movement,” a senior researcher at Human Rights Watch tweeted. Juan Poppier.
This Monday, SUTRAN, the country’s oversight agency for national overland transport services, said eight Peruvian regions had been closed to traffic due to a strike by transport workers. A clip from Peru’s state television and CNN sub – television said that Peruvian Defense Minister Jose Luis Cavidia was speaking to protesters as they blocked a highway in Lima, and that the government was already negotiating the price of one of the main customs duties. Opponents.
“You have to trust us. We are working hard, “said Kavidia. “The right to strike, they are right, a right, but always respect the rights of others.”
– With information from Jimene de la Quintana of CNN en Español in Peru.