- BBC News World
It is said that to understand President Vladimir Putin one must first understand the thinking of Alexander Dugin.
Analyst and strategist, named after him Radical nationalist views, He is considered by some to be Russia’s most influential thinker.
And because of the dominance of the Russian president, some call him Putin’s Rasputin Gregory Rasputin, the terrorist who charmed the imperial court of Russia a century ago.
Dugin is believed to have been the mastermind behind Putin’s annexation of Crimea in 2014. Several years ago, he argued that military intervention in eastern Ukraine – what he calls Novorossia (New Russia) – was necessary “to preserve Russia’s moral authority.”
Now, as the world views the Russian invasion of Ukraine, many are rethinking Dukin’s ideas and his influence on Putin’s actions.
Dugin’s philosophy Called Eurasianism.
He claims that Orthodox Russia is neither in the East nor in the West, but a separate and distinct civilization, the “Eurasian Empire” engaged in a battle for its rights among the world powers.
The primary purpose of this civilization, Dukin believes, Should be a challenge to American domination In this world.
His theories have wide support in both the “New Right” and “” in Europe.OK“(Right) from the United States
Born in Moscow in 1962, Dukin worked as a journalist shortly before his involvement in politics before the fall of communism.
In 1987, during the second year of Michael Gorbachev’s rule, Dukin took over the leadership. Bamyat, the infamous anti-Semitic Russian nationalist organization
In the early 1990s, when the Soviet Union was on the verge of collapse, Dukin began to assume a higher political role.
He formed an association with “statistical patriots” in the Communist camp and, for a short time, was close to the leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Gennady Giukano.
In an article on the website of the Stanford University Center in Europe, Russian political expert John P. Dunlap writes that in 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed, Dugin met with a leading neo-fascist writer associated with elements of the Russian military. , Aleksandr Prokhanov, whose magazine The ‘ This helped to spread “red-brown” (socialist-fascist) ideas.
“Dukin soon emerged as one of Denin’s leading ideologues,” Dunlap notes.
After that he started editing his own magazine. ElementsAnd founded Arktogeya Publishing.
But, according to Dunlap, Dugkin’s career began in 1998 God a To jump Being Appointed as Geo-Political Adviser to Gen. SelesneWho was the leader of the Duma and a key player in Russian politics.
A year later, Dukin founded the Center for Geopolitical Experience in Moscow.
In an article in his journal, he explained that the center would “simultaneously become an analytical tool for the Eurasian platform for the presidential administration, the government of the Russian Federation, the Federal Council and the State Duma”.
His ideas and tactics seemed to catch on when he met Klep Pavlovsky, one of the leading ideologues in the government of newly elected President Vladimir Putin in 2000.
“Russia has always felt like a Eurasian country.”
Dugin later said that Putin’s approval was “historic, massive and revolutionary” and that it had changed “everything”.
Dugin has served as a professor at Moscow State University, scheduling courses for Russian military institutions, and has often appeared on major Russian television channels.
In 2015, the US government allowed him to stay close to the Kremlin and for his apparent influence in annexing Crimea the previous year.
Course book “
Dukin founded the Eurasia Party in 2001. To promote your Eurasian ideas.
He said the movement would emphasize cultural diversity in Russian politics and “oppose American-style globalization and the return to communism and nationalism.”
Published by him in 1997 “Fundamentals of geopolitics: Russia’s geopolitical future”, An important book in which he presents the details of Russia’s rebuilding of its power worldwide.
Some researchers promise that this is the book Marked Putin’s view of Russia and its place in the world Every general in the Russian army reads it at some point.
In addition, he points out that Russian agents should promote isolated factions in that country while inciting ethnic, religious and regional divisions within the United States.
It also indicates the need to focus on psychological functions in the UK Exacerbates historical distortions with continental Europe (2 decades before Brexit) And separatist movements in Scotland, Wales and Ireland.
Dugin also argues that when NATO fell from within, Western Europe should be drawn to Russia for its natural resources, such as oil, gas and food.
Dugin also wrote that one of the targets of Russia’s annexation should be Ukraine. His view is that an independent Ukraine is an obstacle to Russia becoming a superpower on the continent.
“Ukraine as an independent country with certain regional ambitions represents a great danger to all Eurasia,” he writes, “and there is no point in talking about politics in general without solving the Ukrainian problem.”
Many see Russia’s actions in recent years as examples of the influence of Dugin’s Eurasian views on Putin and his allies, including US elections and interference in the Brexit process and conflicts such as Georgia or eastern Ukraine.
To achieve this “new Russian reality”, Dukin relied on a carefully crafted philosophical framework in which truth seems to have been set aside.
“Truth is a matter of hope,” Dukin said in an interview with the show Newsnight From the BBC in 2017.
“Postmodernism shows it It’s important that you believe in every truth. “.
“So, we believe what we do, we believe what we say. This is the only way to define the truth. So We have our special Russian truth You have to accept it, “he said.
He added: “If America does not want to start a war, it must recognize that America is no longer a master.”
“Y [con] The situation in Syria and Ukraine, Russia tells him: ‘No, you are no longer the boss.’ The question is who rules the world. Only war can really determine. “
As written by David von Trail Washington PostDukin’s work “Briefly on one idea: the wrong alliance won World War II.”
“If only Hitler had not invaded Russia, Britain would have been broken. The United States would have been at home, isolated and divided, and Japan would have ruled ancient China as Russia’s youngest partner.”
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